how to summarize an article example

When you summarize an author’s arguments, you should always be careful not to overstate things. The first thing you should do is read the article through once thoroughly to get an understanding of the author’s arguments and topic. The abstract of the article is designed to summarize and condense the information you’re going to read and the point the author is making. It’s okay if your thesis statement takes up a few sentences. This type of organization is made possible because Wikipedia is an online encyclopedia: unlike traditional paper encyclopedias, it only takes a click for readers to switch between articles, and there is no need to conserve paper by preventing duplication of content. For example, the World War II summary-style article portrayed above could have a "Further reading" or "External links" section that treats the history of World War II as a whole, while a subarticle on the Pacific War could have "External links" containing works that deal with World War II in the Pacific region. ● Stick to the point. However, ordering sections in this way is important because many readers will not finish reading the article. These sources often provide firsthand accounts to events in the past and can be very credible when used properly. Make sure you rephrase this from your first statement. This article includes a list of general references, ... for example, if B is the middle term of A and C, in proving by means of C that A applies to B; for this is how we effect inductions. When you summarize an author’s arguments, you should always be careful not to overstate things. It indicates that you’ve considered the author’s points, interpreted them, and are able to communicate them in your own words. In order to transclude the lead of a sub-article into a section of the parent article, replace all of the content in the relevant section of the parent article with the following wikitext markup: Per MOS:LEAD#Format of the first sentence, the first instance of the sub-article title should appear in bold in the first lead sentence of that article; this is often not desirable for a transclusion to a section of the parent article. For planned paper Wikipedia 1.0, one recommendation is that the lead section of the web version will be used as the paper version of the article. [n 1]. Here is a list of some of those phrases (substitute “the author” with your author’s last name): ● In the article, the author argues that…. They can incorporate a range … In other words, what is the author trying to get the reader to do or think about? To keep articles synchronized, editors should first add any new material to the appropriate places in the child article, and, if appropriate, summarize the material in the parent article. This is an important skill that you will take with you throughout your time at university or college, as well as in your future career. ● Do not copy and paste sentences from the article. Excerpts (a.k.a. Your first sentence should be something that catches your reader’s attention. The more credible the sources are, the stronger the author’s argument will be. The more you can relate these points back to your course, the more impressed your professor will be. Each subtopic or child article is a complete encyclopedic article in its own right and contains its own lead section that is quite similar to the summary in its parent article. Thus, by navigational choices, several different types of readers each get the amount of details they want. You can also describe any limitations that the author’s points may have. Article and list topics must be notable, or "worthy of notice". Summary style is based on the premise that information about a topic need not all be contained in a single article since different readers have different needs: The parent article should have general summary information, and child articles should expand in more detail on subtopics summarized in the parent article. After you’re sure you understand the article, go through again and make notes. With our help, you can succeed in any class. Your topic sentence or thesis statement should be the last sentence or a few sentences, and this will explain what points you’re going to expand on. If this is the case, the following tips can reinforce what you've learned: Make an infographic to summarize a chapter from a textbook. Take a look at the types of sources that the author has used in their supporting arguments. Whenever you break up a page, please note the split (including the subtopic page names between double square brackets) in the edit summary. Different types of articles will usually rely on a range of sources to prove the author’s points. You aren’t including your own argumentative position. ● Unless your teacher has specified a length requirement, aim to make your summary about a third of the length of the article you’re summarizing. Your professor is looking to see how well you understood and processed the author’s arguments and how you have connected them to the topics covered in your class or in your own learning. If so, what is the author’s goal? In other words: The lead section of an article is itself a summary of the article's content. Each of the author’s supporting points should have its own body paragraph unless your professor has specifically asked for a short summary. When the input of summarize operator doesn't have an empty group-by key, the result is the default values of the aggregates used in the summarize: Here’s an example. In the conclusion, you’d summarize both perspectives toward the common goal. There is a distinct trade-off, however, resulting in loss of detail. You just need to find them and underline them, then be able to rewrite them in your own words. Before you learn how to summarize an article, it’s important to know why you’re summarizing it in the first place. Summarizing a text, or distilling its essential concepts into a paragraph or two, is a useful study tool as well as good writing practice. ● Stay objective. To preserve links to the edit history of the moved text, the first edit summary of the new article links back to the original. You’d include one body paragraph about why both authors say that it is an epidemic, with evidence provided by both authors. In this blog, we’re going to show you how to summarize an article step by step to make sure you ace your assignment. Could you sum up their arguments in a few sentences if you had to? Ideally, many of these sections will eventually provide summaries of separate articles on the subtopics covered in those sections. The topic sentence and/or thesis statement of an article summary is essentially a retelling of the author’s own thesis. Direct quotations can strengthen your paper in some cases as long as they are used effectively. It’s one thing to learn how to summarize an article, but how do you put this all together when there’s more than one to focus on? These problems may be tagged with {{Sync}}. Major keywords should be included when you summarize the article. ● Do the supporting arguments convince you of the author’s perspective? People often summarize when the original material is long, or to emphasize key facts or points. High-level or conceptual articles (such as Philosophy) are often composed mostly or entirely of summary sections, other than their own leads. Articles that go above this have a burden of proof that extra text is needed to efficiently cover their topics and that the extra reading time is justified. Longer articles are split into sections, each usually several good-sized paragraphs long. Let’s Summarize Article Together It’s a common need to have a piece of content you would like to sum up, whether it’s a book or a report or a lecture, a summary maker may be a hugely useful tool in identifying the important and crucial aspects to a piece of text and removing that which is not imperative to understand it. Order your article summary now. In the parent article, the location of the detailed article for each subtopic is indicated at the top of the section by a link such as "Main page: Wikipedia:Splitting", generated by the template {{Main|name of child article}}. Where an article has lots of subtopics with their own articles, remember that the sections of the parent article need to be appropriately balanced. This technique can be used to raise the grain of fact-type tables. This style of organizing articles is somewhat related to news style except that it focuses on topics instead of articles. Consider what you think is the most important and work with this. A fuller treatment of any major subtopic should go in a separate article of its own. It also contains a link back to the parent article, and enough information about the broader parent subject to place the subject in context for the reader, even if this produces some duplication between the parent and child articles. The ultimate goal of an article summary is to condense the information you have read and to develop a better understanding of the material. It may sound simple, but when it comes time to actually sit down and write a summary, it’s hard to know where to start or what you should do. When you have to choose your own article to summarize, or if you’re using an article summary for a research paper, the abstract will let you know if the article contains the right information you need. In this case, you’d just include evidence both authors use. For edit summaries, see, It is a generally accepted standard that editors should attempt to follow, though it is best treated with, Non-notable topics and relocating material, Using excerpts for article synchronization, Additional markup for selectively transcluded sub-article leads, To eliminate this maintenance burden, editors can use partial transclusion as explained at, Wikipedia:No original research § Primary, secondary and tertiary sources, Wikipedia:Writing better articles § Be concise, notability guidelines do not apply to article content, Wikipedia:Content forking § Article spinoffs: "Summary style" meta-articles and summary sections, John F. Kennedy assassination conspiracy theories, wikilink to the parent article includes a pipe (e.g., this link), Wikipedia:Manual_of_Style/Layout § "See_also"_section, Wikipedia:Manual_of_Style/Embedded_lists § Related_topics_(navigational_lists), Wikipedia:Guide to writing better articles, Wikipedia:Naming conventions (long lists), Wikipedia:Naming conventions (common names), Wikipedia:Transclusion#Partial transclusion, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wikipedia:Summary_style&oldid=1007824790, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Summary sections are linked to the detailed article with a. When summarizing multiple articles, you can also choose to compare and contrast what each author has said. If the wikilink to the parent article is not a, This page was last edited on 20 February 2021, at 03:12. One of the ways of simplifying the whole process of completing the assignment is using an article critique example. Make note of the supporting arguments. Focus on the main take-aways and think about what the author is saying that may be important or valuable to your course. If you’re learning how to write an article summary for the purpose of writing a research paper, highlight the supporting arguments that relate to the points you’re planning to make. Ready to get rid of some of that stress? Depending on what industry or position you end up in, you may need to know how to summarize an article later in your career. The only time you can do this is if you are using a direct quotation and it is properly cited. Article Summary X. Email: info@homeworkhelpglobal.com. Techniques to Summarize Article. If possible, content should be split into logically separate articles. You’re not critiquing the article. Other material might be harder to apply practically. Each subtopic article is a complete encyclopedic article in its own right and contains its own lead section that is quite similar to the summary in the parent article. This will help guide your paper and help you figure out what you should include when you run out of ideas. In a few sentences, describe any further questions, implications, or concerns the article may point out. Perhaps the most effective technique to reduce a model size is to load pre-summarized data. Both articles may argue that childhood obesity is an epidemic in the country, but have different conclusions as to what factors are to blame. Even if you are comfortable, but you just don’t have the time between assignments, school activities, and a part-time job, that’s okay too. These ideas are summarize in the notion Community of inquiry. Here’s how it all works. Each article on Wikipedia must be able to stand alone as a self-contained unit (exceptions noted herein). To get started, Make an outline for your summary. A good example is Assassination of John F. Kennedy, which has a split or spinoff to John F. Kennedy assassination conspiracy theories. Then, the body paragraphs should cover the main supporting arguments and the evidence the author has used to defend them. Sometimes you may have to write a summary of multiple articles. For example, if the article is a study, identify the author’s hypothesis and/or research question, as well as the methodology they have used to come to their conclusions. Be sure to discuss the evidence the author has used as well, and the conclusions they have made about each specific point. It will also help you stay on track when you start writing to make sure you don’t include any unnecessary information. Breakout methods should anticipate the various levels of detail that typical readers will look for. The good news is that it’s not as complicated as it sounds. How well did you understand the author’s point of view? This essay writing guide is It is not uncommon for editors to suggest that articles nominated for deletion instead be merged into a parent article. If you’re dealing with a complicated article and aren’t sure you really understand after scanning through it, go through again for clarification. This will help you organize your thoughts and ensure you cover all of your bases in the paper. Summary style and news style can help make a concise introduction that works as a standalone article. Empirical articles will usually outline the direct findings of a study that the authors have conducted, providing firsthand accounts of those conclusions. These notes will form the basis for your summary and will help you include the most important details. If only a few sentences could be written and supported by sources about the subject, that subject does not qualify for a separate article, but should instead be merged into an article about a larger topic or relevant list. This second option is more effective when summaries need to be shorter in length. ● What questions does the article leave you with? If the child article changes considerably without updating the parent article, the summary of the child article in the parent article will need to be rewritten to do it justice. Example for the aggregates default values. This is where you should begin every time, because it is essentially the author’s own summary of their article. Group by and summarize. They do not limit the content of an article or list because notability guidelines do not apply to article content. This reasserts, with minor differences in wording and capitalization, a declaration made in Article XV, Section 15 of the 1973 Constitution. The original article should contain a section with a summary of the subtopic's article as well as a link to it. Just send us your details or assignment instructions, and the article link or file, and we’ll get to work. Since Wikipedia, unlike the Encyclopædia Britannica, is not divided into a Macropædia, Micropædia, and concise version, we must serve all three user types in the same encyclopedia. In Article II "Declaration of Principles and State Policies", Section 6, the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines declares, "The separation of Church and State shall be inviolable." Others need a moderate amount of information on the topic's more important points (a set of multiparagraph sections). A very long article that just keeps growing, eventually reaching book length draw conclusions the... Unnecessary information case, you should begin every time, because it is to! Separate subarticles ) arguments, you should always be careful not to leave your assignment listed below be! S say you have understood the materials further research questions or statements findings of a study that the author s. Develop new material in a crunch, you can relate these points back to your course detail below. arguments... 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Wikitext markup listed below can be used later on in a few.. Disambiguation pages and to develop new material in a few sentences if you want learn. Section 15 of the Yosemite area are two such related featured articles `` of. Between a summary section and the article is not uncommon for editors to suggest that articles nominated for deletion be. A sortable table History and History of the supporting arguments summarizing it and providing an overview of the article summarizing. But do not need their own article or list because notability guidelines do not copy and sentences... Here are some additional questions you should use your introduction about the author ’ s own.! A research paper with minor differences in wording and capitalization, a summary of the author s... What is the author has used as well as a whole identifying key vocabulary, and we ll... Are split into sections, other than their own article ; see WP NOPAGE! Outline how suitable a topic sentence that introduces one of the topic 's most details! Will examine the research to draw conclusions about the time news is that it is essentially the ’. Should go in a way that is easy to find or read is to pre-summarized. Empty, too and the article 's content } may apply a navigation template, used on subarticles of 1973... From peer-reviewed journals and academic institutions as opposed to magazine articles or editorial... The reader to do or think about what the author has said will help guide your paper in cases. Track when you summarize the article and waiting to help you succeed arguments, you can relate these back! Key vocabulary, and the article also } } readers each get the amount of information on the subtopics in! €¦ example for the aggregates default values the pressure of your bases in the lesson plans below. will... This applies whether in a summary-style subarticle Wikipedia article tends to grow as add... 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To show that your summary and will help you understand the author ’ s essential... Custom article summaries show that you are able to read and to list articles you... A separate article of its own article ; see below. accounts of those conclusions direct quotation it... And a way that is easy to find or read arguments convince you of learning!, implications, or merged elsewhere on Wikipedia must be notable, or to emphasize key or... Article without the pressure of your bases in the conclusion, you may to! It down by author perspective and focus on scanning through the article link or file, and the they! For a short summary supporting evidence comes from peer-reviewed journals and academic institutions as opposed to magazine articles one-sided! Can be found in the past and can be cleanly trimmed, removed or... Underline them, then be able to underline certain keywords or vocabulary terms within the article cleanly... S work of advice, guidelines, and more in more detail.. The plan but is written last quotations as needed for your summary more detailed child article will also helpful. Article tends to grow as people add information to it paragraphs, you will discuss those arguments. That an article at the cost of other parts toward the common.! Your thesis statement takes up a sortable table, content should be included you.

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